The “Three Weeks” between the 17th of Tammuz and Tisha B’Av, (which falls on TUESDAY 16 JULY 19 2013) have historically been days of misfortune and calamity for the Jewish people. During this time, both the First and Second Temples were destroyed, amongst other terrible tragedies.
On Shabbat during the Three Weeks, the Haftorahs are taken from chapters in Isaiah and Jeremiah dealing with the Temple’s destruction and the exile of the Jewish people. During this time, various aspects of mourning are observed by the entire nation. We minimize joy and celebration. And, since the attribute of Divine judgment (“din”) is acutely felt, we avoid potentially dangerous or risky endeavors.
The period of the 9 days
1-9Av… 8th-16th July
The Nine Days takes place during the first nine days of the Jewish month of Av. The Nine Days begin on Rosh Chodesh Av and concludes on the fast day of Tisha B’Av.
ASPECTS OF MOURNING DURING THE THREE WEEKS.
No weddings are held. (However, engagement ceremonies are permitted.)We do not listen to music. We avoid all public celebrations — especially those which involve dancing and musical accompaniment.No haircuts or shaving. We do not say the blessing She-hechianu on new food or clothes, except on Shabbat.